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Bunion formation: Causes, Treatment Plans, and Measures

What is a bunion, and how does it form?

A bunion is a bony, sometimes painful bump or structure formed at the base of the big toe. It may happen when your big toe slightly leans toward the other toes. A bunion occurs over time, especially when the MTP joint bones move out of their normal position. An MTP joint helps connect the toe to the metatarsal bone. A bunion is formed at a joint where the toe usually bends while walking. Bunion formation makes you feel that all of your body weight rests on it whenever you walk or take a step. So, it can hurt when you walk. Remember that bunion may also cause callus formation over time.

Types of bunions

Usually, bunion appears as the most common deformity of the big toe. Some other types of bunions may also exist. These may include the following:

  • Tailor’s bunion: Tailor’s bunion, also known as Bunionette, is a deformity to the small toe. The bunion occurs at the base of the little or pinky toe.
  • Adolescent hallux valgus or Juvenile: This is another form of deformity that appears in people between 10 and 18 years of age.
  • Congenital hallux valgus: This deformity is inborn. For example, some babies are born with this problem.

What causes bunion formation?

The most common causes of bunion development are foot mechanics and foot structure causing your big toe to bend toward others. Remember that wearing poorly fitted footwear or standing for a long time can worsen bunion pain. But, these are not the direct causes to form bunions.

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Risk factors of bunion formation 

The following are the significant risk factors contributing to the formation of bunions:

  • Heredity: Bunion formation may be an inherited or inborn problem. For example, the anatomy or structure of your foot can cause a bunion.
  • Poorly fitted shoes: Wearing poorly fitted shoes, such as too tight, too narrow, or too pointed footwear, can cause a bunion. 
  • Arthritis: Arthritis, such as Rheumatoid arthritis, is an inflammatory condition that may develop a bunion.
  • High heels: Women who wear high heels may be at a high risk of bunions because wearing high heels pushes the big toe toward the front of the shoe. 

What are the common symptoms of bunion formation?

Bunion development may result in the following conditions:

  • You may feel a bulging bump outside the big toe
  • You may feel inflammation, redness, and soreness around the big toe joint
  • Rubbing of the first and second toe with each other may result in corn or calluses formation
  • May feel tightness and pain in the tendons and joints
  • Difficulty while wearing regular footwear
  • You may not bend the big toe
  • Feel numbness in the big toe

Treatment plans for bunions

Whenever you feel symptoms (mentioned above), you must consult your GP or healthcare professional to diagnose the issues. Once the bunion development is identified, your healthcare provider will suggest the best treatment plan based on the condition or severity of pain.  

Nonsurgical treatment plans

The following are the nonsurgical treatment plans or conservative measures that help reduce the mild to moderate symptoms of a bunion:

Change your footwear: Experts suggest wearing roomy and comfy footwear, providing your toes with enough space. It helps lessen the discomfort or pain resulting from a bunion.

Apply Ice Pack: Healthcare professionals also suggest applying ice packs to bunions or the affected areas, helping ease pain, soreness, and inflammation. However, if you are experiencing or feeling circulation problems, you must consult your GP before applying ice packs.

Medications: Taking over-the-counter pain killers and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) help relieve pain and inflammation resulting from bunions. As well as this, injecting cortisone injections may also help relieve pain, swelling, and other symptoms. 

Shoe insert: Another recommendation is to use paddedshoe inserts. They help distribute pressure evenly when you move your feet.  

Wear bunion correctors: Wearing bunion correctors, such as bunion correctors for protecting & relieving pain is the best recommendation to minimize pain, swelling, and discomfort resulting from bunion formation.

Surgical treatment plans

When the nonsurgical treatment plans or conservative measures do not respond for several weeks or months, healthcare professionals suggest surgical treatments. Bunion surgery is recommended when bunion causes frequent pain and even disturbs your daily activities. Remember that bunion surgery is not suitable for cosmetic purposes.

The following procedure is performed during the surgical treatment of bunions:

  • Surgeon removes the swollen tissues from around the joints of bog toes.
  • The surgeon arranges the abnormal angle of the big toe to the standard position by realigning one or more bones from the forefoot.
  • In the end, the surgeon rejoins the affected bones of joints permanently.

Preventive measures of bunion formation

Experts suggest following the given preventive measures to reduce the chances of the bunion formation:

  • Use proper fitting footwear: Avoid wearing too tight, narrow, or pointed shoes. Ensure that you always wear correctly fitting footwear.
  • Avoid wearing high heels: Women are advised to avoid wearing high heels excessively, helping reduce the chances of bunion formation.  
  • Take frequent breaks: Every time you feel pain and discomfort after walking, running, or other activities, you need to take frequent breaks during walking. As well as this, you should provide your feet with plenty of rest to prevent bunion formation. 
  • Strengthening exercises: Regular strengthening exercises help keep your foot flexible and strengthened, helping prevent the risk of bunion formation.
  • Bunion correctors: Experts suggest wearing bunion correctors when you feel any type of symptoms related to bunion formation. It will help control further damage or disease.

Buy the best bunion correctors

Whenever you feel symptoms related to bunions, you should not ignore them and consult your GP immediately. Your GP or healthcare professional will diagnose the problem and suggest a treatment plan accordingly. Wearing bunion correctors helps reduce the pain and other symptoms associated with bunions. At 360 relief, we provide you with a range of bunion correctors to help manage your bunion pain and other discomforts.

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